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Journal section "Social problems of the development of territories"

TERRITORIAL FEATURES OF SUICIDE SPREAD IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Morev M.V., Shmatova Y.E.

1 (21), 2015

Morev M.V., Shmatova Y.E. TERRITORIAL FEATURES OF SUICIDE SPREAD IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION. Territorial development issues, 2015, no. 1 (21). URL: http://vtr.isert-ran.ru/article/1469?_lang=en

Abstract   |   Authors   |   References
Mortality from suicide is an integral indicator of social development, as it reflects the degree of the population’s adaptation to the existing conditions of life in the society. The suicide problem is still urgent and requires further research, with the analysis of regional specific spread of suicides being important due to the heterogeneity of Russian territories. The RF subjects differ from each other by their socio-economic, cultural-historical, demographic and other characteristics. In this regard, the suicide rate varies greatly in the Russian regions. The heterogeneity of Russian territories by the suicide mortality indicators poses a question: whether the suicide rate is determined by the variety of regions on average or the urgency of the problem arises because of the specific group of territories, consistently exhibiting abnormally high features of social pathology? The Federal State Statistics Service data are used for the study. The dynamics of the suicide mortality rate (per 100000 population) at the regional level is represented by the UNICEF method, which divides a territory into groups with low, medium and high suicide mortality rates. Grouping allows us to assess the degree of each group representation (with the low, medium and high suicide rates) in different historical periods. Carried out at the level of the Russian Federation and the Vologda Oblast the analysis of the regional characteristics of suicide mortality leads to the following conclusions. First, in the 2000s the share of RF subjects, members of the group with the high suicide rate, has decreased, but in the Vologda Oblast this indicator has not changed. Second, the geographically disadvantaged area of RF subjects is located in the South-East of the country. In the Vologda Oblast the territories with the high level of suicidal deaths are presented in the central part of the region. Third, the crisis periods (1991, 1998 and 2008) have had a significant impact not only on the suicide rate in Russia, but also on their spatial distribution. Thus, it is proved that the overall picture of suicide mortality in Russia and the region is determined not by the maximum values of the suicide rate in certain areas, but by the relative constancy of the high suicide rate in certain clusters. They should be in focus while elaborating the national programs to improve social health

Keywords

region, suicide, suicidal behavior, suicidal mortality, spatial analysis